Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam. Nestled in a great bend of the Red River, Hanoi has a compelling charm. Throughout thousand years of history, Hanoi still preserves many ancient architectural works including the Old Quarter, over 600 pagodas and temples. Famous sites include the One Pillar Pagoda (built in 1049), the Temple of Literature (built in 1070), Hanoi Opera House, and other attractions.
Attractions in Hanoi
The One-pillar pagoda
The One-pillar pagoda or Dien Huu pagoda, is one of the most special architecture in Vietnam. Situated right in the center of Hanoi, the pagoda was constructed under Ly’s dynasty in 1049. It has the pillar-based design demonstrating the Holy Lady sitting on a lotus. In 1105, King Ly Nhan Tong extended the pagoda and added Linh Chieu bond. Nowadays, it is still a symbol of Vietnam architecture and Buddha religion at the center of Hanoi.
Temple of Literature
The Temple of Literature is a fine example of traditional Vietnamese architecture which was built in 1070. Dedicated to Confucius and Vietnam’s most revered scholars, the country’s first university was founded here
Hanoi Old Quarter
Hoan Kiem Lake is the focal point of Hanoi’s exotic Old Quarter. This UNESCO-protected heart of Hanoi is made up of 36 streets, with the Old Quarter’s 13th-century lanes crammed with bikes, scooters, cyclos
, street vendors, and full of shops where you can find beautiful silks, mysterious vegetables, as well as traditional souvenirs.
Hanoi Opera House
An essential part of Hanoi's history, Hanoi Opera House is without doubt
one of the most famous cultural and architectural monuments of Hanoi. The Opera house was constructed for ten years from 1901 to 1911 and modeled on Palais Garnier – the older of Paris two opera houses. Hanoi Opera House embraces the European architectural style under the Renaissance period with the Italian-made marble floor, copper chandeliers and exquisite French murals on the ceiling, thus making the place one of Hanoi’s singular architectural landmarks. Hanoi Opera House is the site to perform arts and cultural activities for various purposes such as political and social functions, conferences, seminars, international events.
Vietnam National Museum of History
National Museum of Vietnam History was early founded on the material basis of the Louis Finot, a museum of the Ecole Française d’Extreme-Orient which was built in 1926 and completed in 1932. On the third of September in 1958, the National Museum of Vietnam History was officially opened for visitors. The main exhibition system is the vivid historical book of the Vietnamese nation, which includes the collections of objects dating back from ancient time, Vietnamese ancient glazed ceramics, Champa stone sculptures, and bronze items under the Le-Nguyen Dynasties. The basic warehouses are scientifically arranged and updated to be the best sample of other museums throughout Vietnam